Life Art Music Writing

哲學哲學雞蛋糕

的確,哲學令人感到遙遠,但我以及身邊的很多朋友都對哲學有著濃厚的興趣。讀著過去的藝術家們如何被哲學書籍啟發,我幾度將那些著作拾起,卻又很快地放下。哲學仍然很遙遠。

這個系列短篇『哲學哲學雞蛋糕』由台灣哲學家朱家安所主講,名稱取自於他的博客以及其第一本著作。(回台灣後趕快買來看!)每一集大約六分鐘長,深入淺出探討了各種哲學思想以及對應的時事。朱家安在鳴人堂的介紹裡被形容為「面無表情地致力於哲學教育」,在博客上則表示自己「想要寫出平易近人的哲學」。這兩點在這些影片裡都表露無遺。

我幾乎是一口氣看完了全部的短片(其實也就六集),每一集都令我感到有趣並意猶未盡。在那之後,我又看了他的Ted Talk,再度被他的講話風格以及內容所吸引。在這集Ted Talk裡,朱家安用觀眾能有切身感受的案例觸及了哲學的思考方式、邏輯以及論證。哲學名句「我思故我在」也被完整地從頭講起,令人更了解什麼是所謂的哲學思考。

雖然,我仍然是個哲學的門外漢,但這些演講及文章使我對哲學不再懼怕。它們給了我一扇窗,讓我能夠窺視其中的樣貌。不說了,我要開始看朱家安的博客了!

(然而覺得這篇有趣:http://opinion.udn.com/opinion/story/6068/1319911)

Milton Babbitt's Demonstration on Electronic Music

This is fascinating to look more than a half century back and realize that how much electronic music has gone through. In this video, Milton Babbitt showcased four different ways to either create or manipulate sounds. With each one, he played excerpts from the following works.

Pre-recorded Sound: "Of Wood and Brass" by Vladimir Ussachevsky.

Electronic Oscillation: "Electronic Study No. 2" by Mario Davidovsky

Computer-generated: "Mudgett, Monologues for a Mass Murderer" by James Randall

Synthesizer: "Vision and Prayer" by Milton Babbitt

Babbitt is extremely eloquent and clear-minded. He gave concise descriptions of each means, showed enthusiasm about the works to be played and answered the host's questions with wittiness and conviction. One of the host's question is a real problem, as he involuntarily relate the electronic sound to science-fiction film soundtracks. It is similar to people who relate classical music to bedtime music and serial music to emotionless creation. In short, it is a kind of prejudice. One does need to eliminate any pre-existing connotations if he or she wants to be able to understand or perceive something new. With the "bad habits of oneself' no one can embrace any changes, not to mention appreciate them.

However, Babbitt mentioned that composers who turned to electronic music were not interested in the new sound, but the possibilities electronic music could provide, to which I have a different point of view, as I was largely drown to electronic music by the sound per se. I remember when I heard Luigi Nono's "Contrappunto dialettico alla mente" the first time, how my ears opened up to a whole new sound world that is simply parallel to the acoustic music. I agree that the sound world is fundamentally enabled by the possibilities a computer can provide, but I also believe that more and more composers are now aware and conscious of creating their own sound, which is self-explanatory by listening to different electronic music composers.

Another point of interest is how computers and synthesizers looked back then. If I did not hear him talking about them while the images were shown, I would not be able to recognize them as something I could just click on on my desktop and start working with. My respect to the punch cards.

圓是這麼一回事的:

當你畫了一個圓,回到最初那點時,你是不一樣的你了。

但問題是,如果同一個圓畫好幾次呢?

那這個圓必定將你消耗殆盡。

我便來到了這消耗殆盡的圓,看見自己散落滿地,那圓是如此巨大地嘲笑地包覆著我,使我一次又一次高潮,卻難以將自己重新整裝。

因此,圓是危險的,完美的圓,是僅此一次,弧度恰好的圓,而不是跌跌撞撞,終究將你吞沒的圓。